522. Suits to enforce integration
||Matthews, et al. v. Launius, et al.
(Bearden Dist.) (WD Ark., Civ. #570.)*
||Aaron, et al. v. Cooper, et al.
(Little Rock.) (ED Ark.) For facts, see II DOCKET 23, 61, III DOCKET 15, and see Re Faubus, 523.Ark6; Jackson, 523.Ark7; Thomason, 523.Ark8.*
||Smith, et al. v. Gov. Faubus, et al, and Ark. Sovereignty Comm.
(Little Rock.) (ED Ark., #3415.)*
And see Smith, 522.Ark3b.
||Smith, et al. v. Gov. Faubus, et al., and Ark. Sovereignty Comm.
(Little Rock.) (Pulaski Co. Cir. Ct.) For facts, see Smith, 522.Ark3a, III DOCKET 15. Suit by same Negro ministers who had filed Smith case in DC. Pls. seek test of constitutionality of Ark. State Sovereignty Comm. Pending.
And see Aaron, 522.Ark3; Rector, 523.Ark2; Wilbern, 523.Ark3; Faubus, 523.Ark6; Jackson, 523.Ark7; Thomason, 523.Ark8; N. A. A. C. P. cases, 204.5-204.14.
||Jackson, et al. v. Buchanan, Members of Dela. Bd. of Educ. and Bd. of Trustees, et al.
(Christiana School Dist.) (DC Dela. Civ. #1815.)*
||Evans, et al. v. Buchanan, et al.
(Milford.) (CA 3, #12,375.)
||Holloman, et al. v. Buchanan, et al.
(Milton.) (CA 3, #12,378.)
||Coverdale, et al. v. Buchanan, et al.
(Greenwood.) (CA 3, #12,377.)
||Creighton, et al. v. Buchanan, et al.
(Laurel.) (CA 3, #12,379.)
||Denson, et al. v. Buchanan, et al.
(Seaford.) (CA 3, #12,380.)
||Oliver, Jr., et al. v. Buchanan, et al.
(Clayton.) (CA 3, #12,381.)
||Staten, et al. v. Buchanan, et al.
(Milford.) (CA 3, #12,376.) For facts, see II DOCKET 23, III DOCKET 15-16. Basic issue on appeal: power of State Bd. of Educ. to plan for and effectuate desegregation in local school systems.
||Dennis, et al. v. Baker, et al.
(Dover.) (DC Dela.) (formerly entitled Pls. v. Dover Bd. of Educ.)*
||Florida ex rel. Hawkins v. Bd. of Control of Fla.
||Gibson, et al. v. Dade Co. Bd. of Public Instruction, et al.
(SD Fla., #6978-M-Civ.) For facts, see II DOCKET 23, 61, III DOCKET 16. Dec. 16, 1957: heard and submitted to DC on Pls.' motions for summary judgment and desegregation beginning Feb. 3, 1958, and Defs.' motion to dismiss.
||Hunt, et al. v. Arnold, Ga. State School of Business Adm.
(ND Ga., Atlanta Div., #5781.)*
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||Calhoun v. Jarrell.
(Atlanta.) (ND Ga., Atl. Div.) Jan. 12: Class action filed for 28 minors seeking temporary and permanent injunctions restraining Defs. from continuing to operate public schools on racially segregated basis.
E. E. Moore, Jr., Esq., Atlanta, Ga.; Thurgood Marshall, Esq., N. A. A. C. P. Legal Defense & Educ. Fund, 10 Columbus Circle, NYC.
||Dishman, et al. v. Archer, Supt. Public Schools.
(Scott Co.) (ED Ky., Lexington, #1213.) For facts, see II DOCKET 45, 62. Jan. 13: Orders of discontinuance filed, showing compliance with Ct's. desegregation order.
||Green, et al. v. Bd. of Educ.
(McCracken Co.) (WD Ky., Paducah Div., #903.)*
||Wilburn, et al. v. Holland, Supt., Fulton City Schools, et al.
(WD Ky., Paducah Div., #910.) For facts, see II DOCKET 46, 62, III DOCKET 16. Oct. 4, 1957: Ct. modified Sept. 10, 1957 order, enjoined Defs. to admit Pls. or members of class of persons represented by Pls. as students at Fulton High School for school year 1958-59.
||Grimes, et al. v. Smith, et al.
(Owen Co.) (ED Ky., Lex. Div.) Nov. 11, 1957: Pls. again requested Def.-School Bd. to discontinue racial segregation in Co. schools. Dec. 3: Def. officially rejected request. Dec. 23: Negro-Pls. filed suit for temporary and permanent injunction against Defs.' continuing to operate segregated schools. Pending.
||Bush, Jr., et al. v. Orleans Parish School Bd., et al.
(CA 5.) For facts, see II DOCKET 23, 62, 79-80. Feb. 13: CA 5, for second time, upheld injunction by DC requiring Def.-Bd. to desegregate schools, with no definite time set for action to be accomplished.
||Hall, et al. v. St. Helena Parish School Bd., et al.
(ED La., Civ. #1068.)*
||Angel, et al. v. La. State Bd. of Educ., et al.
(ED La., Baton Rouge Div., Civ. #1658.)*
||Davis, Jr., et al. v. E. Baton Rouge Parish School Bd., et al.
(ED La., Baton Rouge Div., Civ. #1662.)*
||Tureaud v. Bd. of Supervisors, La. State Univ. and Agric. and Mech. Coll., et al.
(ED La., Baton Rouge Div., Civ. #1238.)*
||Williams, et al. v. Prather, et al.
(WD La., 5000 Civ.)*
||Ludley v. Bd. of Supervisors, La. State Univ.
||Bailey v. La. State Bd. of Educ.
||Lark v. La. State Bd. of Educ.
(CA 5.) For facts, see II DOCKET 62. Feb. 13: CA 5 affirmed DC decision requiring Def.-Bd. to desegregate La. State Univ., Southeastern, Southwestern and McNeese State Colleges.
||Moore, Jr., et al. v. Bd. of Educ.
(Harford Co.) (CA 4, #7552.) For facts, see II DOCKET 24, 46, 62, 80, III DOCKET 16. Issue: whether Pls. denied 14th Amendment rights by DC judgment permitting Def.-Bd. to defer desegregation of certain schools and grades for 1 to 3 yrs. and effectuate high school desegregation on "stairstep" basis where Bd. did not show necessity for such delays. Jan. 16: heard and submitted.
||Covington, et al. v. Edwards, Supt. of Schools, et al.
(Montgomery Co.) (MD N. Caro., Rockingham Div., Civ. #323.)*
||Royster, et al. v. Bradsher, et al.
(Person Co.) (MD NC, Durham Div., #194D.)*
||Weaver, et al. v. Bd. of Trustees of Chapel Hill Graded Schools, et al.
(MD N.C., Rockingham Div., #158-D.)*
Herman L. Taylor, Esq., 126 E. Hargett St., Raleigh; C. J. Gates, Esq., 428½ E. Pettigrew St., and Milton Johnson, Esq., Logan Bldg., both of Durham, N. C.
||Ward v. Bd. of Educ.
(Knoxville.) (ED Tenn., N. Div., #3158.) Class action for injunctive relief requiring Def.-Bd. to desegregate schools. Dec. 1957: Pls'. again petitioned DC to set trial date soon. DC pointed out 3 members of Def.-Bd. elected in Nov. and needed time to help Bd. draft desegregation plan.
||Jeffers v. Whitley, N. C. State Supt. of Public Instruction, N. C. Bd. of Educ., et al.
(Caswell Co.) (MD N. C., Greensboro Div., #1079.) Dec. 1956: class action filed challenging constitutionality of all state statutes and constitutional amendments to preserve segregated schools. Jan. 1957: Defs. filed answers. Awaiting trial.
||Holt, Jr. v. Bd. of Educ.
(Raleigh.) (DC N. C.) Pl.-Negro applied for reassignment to white school. Def.-Bd. rejected application. Pl. seeks immediate admission to white high school and injunction against Def.-Bd. continuing segregation in city schools. Pending.
||Brown, et al. v. Long, Pres. Morris Inddependent School Dist., et al.
(Okmulgee Co.) (ED Okla., Civ. #4245.)*
||Simms, et al. v. Hudson, Pres. Preston Independent School Dist., et al.
(Okmulgee Co.) (ED Okla., #4246.)*
||Bailey, et al. v. Hodge, Hall, Supt., Okla. School for Deaf, et al.
(WD Okla., #7441-Civ.)*
||In re Girard's Estate.
(Pa. Sup. Ct.) For facts, see II DOCKET 62, 80, III DOCKET 16. Jan. 24: Pa. S. Ct. (4-1) affirmed Phila. Orphans Ct. ruling, agreed to substitution of private for public trustees. Musmanno, J. dissenting. Feb. 13: Pa. S. Ct. denied petition for reargument.
||Briggs v. Elliott.
(Clarendon Co.) (ED S. C. #2657.)*
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||Kelly, et al. v. Bd. of Educ.
(Nashville.) (MD Tenn., Nash. Div., Civ. #2094.) For facts, see II DOCKET 25, 46, III DOCKET 16-17. Jan. 20: Def.-Bd. moved for dismissal of suit based on state's new Pupil Placement Law, proposed "voluntary integration" plan involving segregated schools for Negroes and whites and integrated schools, with annual census taken to learn which type of school parents want children enrolled in. Jan. 28: heard and submitted.
||Jackson, et al. v. McDonald, Pres., Lamar State College of Technology, et al.
||Borders, et al. v. Rippy, et al.
(Dallas.) (CA 5, #16483.) (247 F. 2d 268.) For facts, see II DOCKET 25, 46, III DOCKET 17. 27, 1957: CA 5 reversed DC order for integration in Feb. 1958; held CA's earlier decision set no date, required "all deliberate speed", Def.-Bd. must have sufficient time to prepare plan for integration.
And see Dallas, 523.Tex1.
||Ross v. Rogers, Pres., Houston Independent School Dist.
(DC Tex., Houston, #10,444.) For facts, see II DOCKET 80. Oct. 15, 1957: DC held certain Texas school segregation statutes void, enjoined Defs. from requiring segregation "from and after such time as may be necessary for admission to schools on non-segregated basis".
||Allen, et al. v. County School Bd.
(formerly entitled Davis v. Co. School Bd.) (Prince Edward Co.) (U.S.S.C., #698.) For facts, see II DOCKET 25, 46. CA 4 reversed DC, held Def.-Bd. must make "prompt and reasonable start" toward desegregation, directed DC to enter such an order. Dec. 31, 1957: Def's. petition for certiorari filed in U.S.S.C.
||Corbin, et al. v. School Bd.
(Pulaski Co.) (WD Va., Roanoke, #341 Civ.)*
||Atkins, et al. v. School Bd., et al.
(Newport News.) (DC Va., Norfolk.)*
||Beckett, et al. v. School Bd.
(Norfolk.) (DC Va., Norfolk.)*
||Allen, et al. v. School Bd.
(Charlottesville.) (WD Va., #51.)*
||Thompson, et al. v. School Bd.
(Arlington.) (CA 4, #7543.) For facts, see II DOCKET 26, 46, 63, III DOCKET 17. Feb. 12: CA affirmed DC order setting Sept. 1957 for admission of Pls. to schools to which they had applied for admission, held ruling "clearly proper" and a "milder course" than holding Def.-Bd. in contempt of earlier DC desegregation order. CA implied Negro students need not use Va.'s Pupil Placement Law and its application forms when seeking to change schools.
||DeFabio v. Richmond Placement Bd.
(Fairfax Co.) (Va. Sup. Ct. of App.) For facts, see II DOCKET 81. Dec. 2, 1957: Va. S. Ct. upheld state Pupil Placement Law and right of State Pupil Placement Bd. to assign pupils when race not a factor.
||Calloway, Jr., et al. v. Farley, et al.
(Richmond.) (DC Va., Richmond.) Sept. 1957: when school opened, 100 to 150 Negro children entered without parents having filled out pupil placement forms; some sent home, others continued under 15-day grace period. Sept. 14: 103 Pl.-Negro children brought suit attacking constitutionality of Va. Pupil Placement Law. Sept. 17: DC granted temporary restraining order against enforcement of Law, ordered pupils denied admission because of failure to present placement forms returned to school.
||Klein v. Falls Church School Bd.
(Va. Co. Ct.) Pl.-white parents refused to sign pupil placement form for son. Def.-Bd. refused him admittance to school. Pl. appealed for son's admission. Ct. denied petition, held Pupil Placement Act valid as to white students, no denial here of right or privilege because of race.
||Walden, et al. v. Farley, et al.
(Suffolk Co.) (DC Va., Norfolk.) Pls.-Negro children barred from enrolling in schools because parents refused to sign pupil placement forms. Sept. 29, 1957: DC granted temporary injunction restraining enforcement of Pupil Placement Act in Norfolk and Nansemond Cos.
||Estes, et al. v. Farley, et al.
(Norfolk Co.) (DC Va., Norfolk.) Facts, issues, and status similar to Walden, 522.Va10.
||Jordan, et al. v. Farley, et al.
(Nansemond Co.) (DC Va., Norfolk.) Facts, issues and status similar to Walden, 522.Va10.